Chronology 1982- 1990
29 September. The Executive Council of the Catalan government approved the Bill whose purpose was to found the public Catalan Broadcasting Corporation (Corporació Catalana de Mitjans Audiovisuals, CCMA), then Corporació Catalana de Ràdio i Televisió, and regional radio and television broadcasting services. The passage of the Bill through parliament was marked by cross-party consensus. The final Founding Act was passed in Parliament’s Plenary Assembly on 18 May, 1983 and the Act was published in the Official Gazette (DOGC) on 14 June, 1983.
The first stone of Televisió de Catalunya’s studios in Sant Joan Despí was laid and premises were acquired at Diagonal, 614 in Barcelona to house the studios of Catalunya Ràdio.
Pere Cuxart, appointed Director General of CCMA, and Alfons Quintà confirmed as director of the Third Channel, which had already started functioning.
The Catalan Government awards the contracts for the design and construction management for the Third Channel’s headquarters to the Cast company. Jaume Ferrús joins the project. TV3’s first facilities were set up in Numància Street in Barcelona. This was where the first steps were made to produce and direct programs.
20 June. Catalunya Ràdio starts broadcasting.
26 July. Broadcast of Catalunya Ràdio’s first news bulletin: the death of Charlie Rivel. Start of hourly news bulletins and news programs.
Start of hourly news bulletins and news programs.
Catalunya Ràdio’s first sports transmission, coinciding with the Joan Gamper Championship.
Constitution of the first CCMA Board of Management.
Tibidabo broadcast center starts transmitting the TV3 test card from 8 a.m. to 9 p.m.
10 September. TV3’s first trial broadcast. The first program, coordinated by Lluís M. Güell, was presented by Àngels Moll and Joan Pera. Jordi Pujol, President of the Catalan government, read a message stressing the importance of the new communication media as a tool for restoring the Catalan language to its rightful place in public life.
October. Catalunya Ràdio begins regular broadcasts.
Constitution of Televisió de Catalunya, SA (TVC), subsidiary of CCMA, whose responsibilities are detailed in the CCMA Statute.
TVC signs a contract with the Barcelona Football Club for the exclusive retransmission of the club’s matches, especially football and basketball games. A similar contract is signed with RCD Espanyol.
26 December. Congress approves the Law Regulating the Third Channel.
16 January. TV3 starts regular broadcasts.
Catalunya Ràdio is the first station in Europe to report the death of Soviet leader Iuri Andropov.
Catalunya Ràdio reaches 80% of the territory and 90% of the population.
2 April. The radio station RAC 105 starts broadcasting.
TV3 reaches Andorra, Northern Catalunya and Valencia.
Catalunya Ràdio opens regional branch offices and TVC inaugurates new headquarters in Sant Joan Despí.
Founding of FORTA (Organization of Regional Radio and Television Broadcasters), with TV3, the Basque Euskal Telebista and Galician TGV-TV as its first members.
May 10. Catalunya Música starts broadcasting.
Start of TV3 broadcasts in stereo-Dual broadcast system.
Broadcasting starts for the Vall d’Aran with the program “Meddia Aranés”.
10 September. Broadcasting starts for the Vall d’Aran with the program “Meddia Aranés”.
Satellite transmissions from K-2 in the Himalaya.
TV3 opens branch offices in Tarragona, Girona and Lleida and creates County News, local news programs from the TVC News Department. Catalunya Ràdio starts disconnections with its regional offices in Girona, Lleida and Tarragona.
First TVC broadcast of a film with the story related for the vision-impaired, and start of stereo broadcasts.
Catalunya Ràdio is audience leader in Catalonia for the first time.
The group of regional radio and television broadcasters (a total of eight networks) create FORTA (Federation of Radio and Television Organizations).
Inauguration of TV3’s teletext service: Teleservice.
First broadcast of a feature film subtitled for the hearing-impaired.
First broadcast of Regional News in Aranese.
RDS data transmission system used for the first time by Catalunya Ràdio.
Catalunya Ràdio sends a large number of special correspondents to cover the Gulf War.
11 February. Founding of Club Super3.
24 July. The Olympic Channel, a joint network of TVC and TVE, starts broadcasting on Canal 33’s frequency, providing coverage of the Barcelona Olympic Games.
11 September. Catalunya Informació, the 24-hour news radio station, starts broadcasting.
19 December. First edition of TV3 Telethon—La Marató de TV3—devoted to leukemia.
TV3’s first broadcast in Dolby Surround.
Adoption of Windows by CCMA and its subsidiary companies to replace DOS and other operating systems.
Catalunya Informació uses the digital audio system for the first time in Spain.
First broadcasts in Pal Plus, the system backed by the European Union.
Start of a computing system migration from a host-based environment to an open one.
Jordi Vilajoana is appointed Director General of CCMA as successor to Joan Granados.
Founding of Principal d’Edicions, SA, CCMA’s music publishing company.
Transmission of football match number 1,000 presented in Catalan by Joaquim Maria Puyal.
Digital audio system adopted at Catalunya Ràdio.
First TVC and Catalunya Ràdio satellite transmission.
Start of Catalunya Ràdio website, www.catradio.cat.
Creation of TV3 Telethon Foundation (Fundació La Marató de TV3).
Inauguration of TVC Online, Televisió de Catalunya’s website.
First broadcasts by RAC 105 and Catalunya Música in DAB.
Start of TVC Sat transmissions to Spain on Via Digital.
Start of TVC Internacional transmissions to Europe via ASTRA free-to-air satellite.
Catalunya Ràdio broadcasts its four channels on a digital platform for the first time and becomes member of the Managing Board of the Digital Radio Forum.
Catalunya Ràdio and TVC join forces in the transmission of the match between the national all-star teams of Catalonia and Bulgaria with images provided by TV3 and Joaquim Maria Puyal as announcer.
Constitution of TVC Multimedia and launch of Meteo and Teletiempo weather channels.
Internet installed at CCMA and subsidiary companies. All users are equipped with E-mail addresses and Web browsers to surf the net, in-house E-mail networks are connected, and a corporate web page offering a range of services is created.
Catalunya Música adopts a digital audio system.
Start of TVC digital terrestrial and multiplex transmissions.
11 September. TVC Internacional starts satellite broadcasts to America.
RAC 105 leaves the Catalunya Ràdio broadcasting group.
First interactivity tests for digital television and launch of interactive services for Sogecable and Via Digital.
Start of CCRTV General Services.
Start of TVC Multimedia.
2 February. Catalunya Cultura starts transmissions.
31 March. End of weather channel, Teletiempo.
Start of DTT trial broadcasts and first transmissions of interactive services: airport information.
First transmissions of interactive services in MHP.
CCRTV Interactiva founded.
TVC Multimedia creates a program for automatic generation of multi-lingual texts.
January. CCRTV Interactiva starts functioning.
Antoni Bassas’ morning radio program, “El matí de Catalunya Ràdio”, is broadcast live to a full house at the National Theater of Catalonia (TNC) for the first time. The following year Toni Clapés would do the same with his program “Versió original”.
23 April. Re-structuring of Canal 33: start of K3 broadcasts.
7 May. Re-structuring of Canal 33 completed: Start of channel 33 broadcasts.
First CCMA video streaming broadcast: premiere of the drama series ”El cor de la ciutat” on Internet, the day before its premiere on TVC.
TVC Multimedia launches Automatic TV, a platform for the automatic publication of TV contents, at the Milia Fair in Cannes.
CCRTV General Services’ Corporate Management Board outsources some of its activities to an external company. Activa3® is the new company through which CCMA offers its experience in developing management systems for the audiovisual industry to other companies and TV broadcasters, mainly in Spain and Europe.
CCMA General Services, in collaboration with TVC’s engineering department, starts to design its own digital audiovisual production and archiving system for TVC (DigitionSuite).
Big deployment of correspondents to cover the war in Afghanistan.
Premiere of the game Shin-Chan, the first multi-platform interactive came in Catalan based on TVC characters.
First broadcasts of DTT interactive services, resulting from the joint efforts of TVC, Activa 3, TVC Multimedia and CCRTV Interactiva.
Creation of TVC’s news portal, www.telenoticies.cat, and Catalunya Ràdio’s, www.catalunyainformacio.cat, with a portal for the latest news from the 41 Catalan counties.
TVC’s teletext service is redesigned. TVCText offers a dynamic program guide and the premiere of Chat, a new service aimed at young audiences that allows them to publish SMS messages from their cell phones in real time on the Teletext.
Launch of www.ritmes.net, CCMA’s music contents portal, giving special attention to Catalan music.
TVC Multimedia is the first in Spain to develop interactive DTT applications in MHP.
Dalet Plus, a digital editing system connecting text, audio, agencies and Internet, is adopted at Catalunya Ràdio.
Launch of first sports portal in Catalan: www.elsesports.net.
Live Internet transmission of the arrival of Catalan mountaineer Sergi Mingote on Everest. Real-time images were seen around the world on CCMA’s portal www.elsesports.net.
News portals telenoticies.cat and catalunyainformacio.cat available for cell phones in SMS message or multimedia format.
Launch of Micromarkets pilot project to test and define future DTT interactive applications.
Launch of multi-platform (Internet, TV, mobile phones) game Espai8 on the youth portal www.3xl.net. In just a few months it became a media hit, with 23,000 active players and around 500 messages sent in daily to the forums created to this end.
TVC Multimedia’s Automatic TV adopted in France and Portugal.
In-depth re-structuring of TVC management systems for program production, acquisitions and rights control, and transmission and continuity.
Centralized storage of main systems into a single disc system connected to servers through SAN (Storage Area Network).
Agreements reached with the Film Archive Library of Catalonia and the Parliament of Catalonia to offer services to digitalize audiovisual contents.
11 September. 3/24 starts broadcasting, TVC’s 24-hour news channel.
October 24. TV3’s programme “30 minuts” celebrates its 20th anniversary.
Televisió de Catalunya premieres the TV3 channel on the YouTube video-sharing platform.
April 23. Launch of Televisió de Catalunya’s high definition broadcasts, at an experimental stage, through DTT.
www.clubdecuines.cat, the gastronomy portal of TVC and Catalunya Ràdio, is launched.
Catalunya Música becomes a member of the Euroradio musical exchange section of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU-UER).
Launch of www.catmusica.cat, the Internet version of Catalunya Música, the classical music channel.
28 May. TV3CAT takes over from TVC Internacional and becomes the TVC channel that broadcasts outside Catalonia.
Televisió de Catalunya and Activa Multimèdia are the first in Spain to shoot in the new 1080p50 high definition format as part of the HDTVNext research project.
18 October. The Super3, the children’s multiplatform channel of TVC for children up to 14 years of age, is born.
21 January. The Catalan (Generalitat de Catalunya) and Balearic regional governments agree for channels 33, Super3/300 and 3/24 to be broadcast in the Balearic Islands through the DTT.
2 February. Televisió de Catalunya starts broadcasting all programmes on all channels in panoramic format 16:9.
TV3 incorporates subtitles to its online videos.
5 November. The Catalan Ministry of Culture and the CCMA signed a collaboration agreement with the Conselh Generau d'Aran (Val d’Aran Autonomous Entity) to create an Internet television platform in Aranese language and other variants of Occitan.
The CCMA provides technical assessment and provides content dubbed into Aranese.
5 February. Launch of Esport3, the channel aimed at the public with an interest in sport and at those who live sport with passion.
14 March. Official launch of TV3HD, the channel that broadcasts TV3's programmes simultaneously in High Definition.
17 April. "El Cafè de la República", from Catalunya Ràdio, celebrates 1,000 programmes with a special broadcast from a bomb shelter.
23 April. iCat fm celebrates its fifth anniversary with a special programme from plaça de Catalunya in Barcelona. Founded as a new radio model designed for FM and the Internet, it has become one of the main means of cultural dissemination in the country.
TV3, present with more than 4,000 videos on the Dailymotion platform, the second biggest Internet video website after YouTube.
The TV3 portal and TV3alacarta includes advisories for the recommended age for all content in videos on demand.
10 June. TV3 participates in the first live worldwide broadcast of a concert in 3D and 5.1 sound. It is the concert of "Violadores del Verso", from Zaragoza.
13 July. The CCMA "Style Book" is approved, which establishes language and editorial framework and journalistic, ethical and professional standards. The document contains the values of public service and commitment to society with the 28 years of experience of the professionals in CCMA businesses.
TV3 begins test broadcasting its services in HbbTV (Hybrid Broadcast Broadband TV), the European hybrid television standard that allows combining DTT broadcasting with on demand services by means of the Internet.
Channels TV3 and TV3alacarta can be watched through the intelligent television system TiVo®, which also includes the content in HD and 3D.
28 October. The Catalunya Informació Twitter also begins to tweet in Aranese.
Super3 releases an application for iPhone, Android and iPad mobile devices to watch the channel's programmes and series.
18 December. La Marató de TV3 celebrates its twentieth anniversary with record revenues and social participation: € 8,931,418 and 1,825 popular activities organised by the citizens. In 20 years, it has raised € 106,616,462 and has promoted 565 biomedical research projects.
15 February. Parliament approves a law for modifying several laws with regards to audiovisual, which introduces changes in the law of the Corporació Catalana de Mitjans Audiovisuals and redistributes the functions of its governing bodies.
TV3 launches a new mobile application that allows users of iPhone, iPod Touch and Android devices to access over 75,000 videos from TV3alacarta and live broadcasts from channels TV3cat and 3/24.
TV3 is the first channel in the country to provide 3D productions to a portable console, the Nintendo 3DS. The TV3 stereoscopic contents can also be viewed online.
26 April. The Catalunya Ràdio broadcasting group premieres iCatTrònica, an electronic online music channel aimed at iCat fm's youngest public.
1 May. Channel TV3CAT stops broadcasting by satellite and promotes broadcasting over the Internet and new media.
10 May. Catalunya Música celebrates 25 years with a special programme that strengthens their commitment to public service. The classical music station remains intact in order to promote, in Catalan, the knowledge of the country's musicians and universal musical heritage.
Esport3 is launching an application for iPhone and Android with which to follow the sports news and watch Champions League matches broadcast by TV3 live.
11 September. Twentieth anniversary of Catalunya Informació, the country's benchmark news broadcaster.
1 October. The CCMA is restructuring its audiovisual broadcasts to guarantee a high level of competitiveness. In television, Super3 and 33 have merged into the same channel, which replaces 3XL, while new documentary content has been included on Esport3. In radio, iCat.cat has enhanced online listening and stopped broadcasting on FM.
Former Directors Generals and Presidents
Throughout the history of the Corporació Catalana de Mitjans Audiovisuals, its main responsibility went to the general director and/or president of the Governing Council in accordance with what was established in the legislation in force at the time.